A Comprehensive Review of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Treatment and its Clinical Perspectives

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37285/ijpsn.2023.16.6.9

Authors

  • AVIJIT MAZUMDER Noida Institute of Engineering & Technology (Pharmacy Institute); https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3053-8106
  • NAVEEN KUMAR Noida Institute of Engineering & Technology (Pharmacy Institute)
  • SAUMYA DAS Noida Institute of Engineering & Technology (Pharmacy Institute)

Abstract

Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) occurs by regurgitation of food in the stomach. Aggressive factors increase GERD whereas defensive factors decrease GERD progression. GERD if mild can be put under control by lifestyle modification and giving non-pharmacological treatment methods to patients however if the disease progresses non-pharmacological methods are ineffective. Drugs reduce GERD progression and also maintain the pH of the stomach to a normal level and prevent abnormal acid exposure to the oesophagus. Antacids and alginate protect oesophagus by reducing acidity and increasing viscosity. Proton pump inhibitors and histamine 2 receptor antagonists reduce acid secretion by inhibiting its secretion. Prokinetic agents increase the motility of the stomach and reduce obesity. Metabotropic glutamate receptors, gamma-aminobutyric acid receptor agonists, and cannabinoid receptors are receptor-specific drugs that act on receptors underlying the gastrointestinal tract and alter the function of receptors which increases reflux disease. Combination of antacid and alginate, domperidone and omeprazole, omeprazole and baclofen, aluminum hydroxide, magnesium, and simethicone are frequently given in GERD to expedite the healing rate and reduce acid secretion. Combinations of suitable medications reduce the adverse effects of a single medication and also make it therapeutically more effective than using monotherapy drugs. The pharmacological method is safe and effective and treats GERD completely.

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Keywords:

Combination therapy, metabotropic, mono-therapy, mucosal, regurgitate, glutamate receptor

Published

2023-11-15

How to Cite

1.
MAZUMDER A, KUMAR N, DAS S. A Comprehensive Review of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) Treatment and its Clinical Perspectives. Scopus Indexed [Internet]. 2023 Nov. 15 [cited 2024 Apr. 19];16(6):7093-10. Available from: https://ijpsnonline.com/index.php/ijpsn/article/view/2467

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